Bronz Age settlements, anctient astronomical observatories, Urartu Kingdom and medieval moansteries 10 days / 9 nights
Express Silk Road Route of Southern Caucasus and Middle East 14 days/13 nights
Armenia officially the Republic of Armenia is a sovereign state in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located in Western Asia, it is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, the de facto independent Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhichevan to the south.
Armenia lies in the highlands surrounding the mountains of Ararat. The evidences about Armenians and about Armenian Kingdom date back to the very ancient times. Already in 860 BC we know about the Kingdom of Van which was one of the most powerful states of the ancient world. In the 1st century BC the Kingdom of Armenia reached its height enlarging its territory to about 300 000 kmsq under Tigranes the Great. Armenia became the first state in the world to adopt Christianity as its official religion in 301 AD. In 405 AD Mesrop Mashtots created Armenian alphabet. The ancient Armenian kingdom was split between the Byzantine and Sassanid empires around the early 5th century. Later in the 7th cen. Armenia was invaded by the Arabs. Under the Bagratuni dynasty, the Armenian Kingdom was restored in the 9th century. Declining due to the wars against the Byzantines, the kingdom fell in 1045 and Armenia was soon after invaded by the Seljuk Turks. An Armenian principality and later a kingdom Cilician Armenia was located on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea between the 11th and 14th centuries. It was the last Armenian Kingdom and later on for about 7 long centauries Armenia was completely split by Ottoman Empire and Persia and late on also by Russian Empire.
Between the 16th century and 19th century, the traditional Armenian homeland composed of Eastern Armenia and Western Armenia came under the rule of the Ottoman and successive Persian empires, repeatedly ruled by either of the two over the centuries. By the 19th century, Eastern Armenia had been conquered by the Russian Empire, while most of the western parts of the traditional Armenian homeland remained under Ottoman rule. During World War I, Armenians living in their ancestral lands in the Ottoman Empire were systematically exterminated.. More than 1,5 million Armenians were killed in 1915 in the Armenian Genocide. In 1918, after the Russian Revolution, all non-Russian countries declared their independence from the Russian empire, leading to the establishment of the First Republic of Armenia. By 1920, the state was incorporated into the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic, and in 1922 became a founding member of the Soviet Union. In 1936, the Transcaucasian state was dissolved, transforming its constituent states, including the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic, into full Union republics. The modern Republic of Armenia became independent in 1991 during the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Yerevan is the capital and largest city of Armenia, and one of the world's oldest continuously inhabited cities. The history of Yerevan dates back to the 8th century BC, with the founding of the fortress of Erebuni in 782 BC by king Argishti I at the western extreme of the Ararat plain. Yerevan has been the capital of Armenia since the independence of the First Republic in 1918. When Armenia became a republic of the Soviet Union, Yerevan remained as capital and accommodated all the political and diplomatic institutions in the republic. In 1991 with the independence of Armenia, Yerevan continued with its status as the political and cultural centre of the country, being home to all the national institutions: the Government house, the Parliament, ministries, the presidential palace, the constitutional court, judicial bodies and other public organizations.
Situated along the Hrazdan River, Yerevan is the administrative, cultural, and industrial center of the country. Yerevan has an average height of 990 m (3,248.03 ft), with a minimum of 865 m (2,837.93 ft) and a maximum of 1,390 m (4,560.37 ft) above sea level. The general plan of Yerevan was designed by the architect Aleksander Tamanyan. The location of Yerevan itself, is an inspiring factor for the foreigners to visit the city in order to enjoy the view of the biblical mount of Ararat, as the city lies on the feet of the mountain forming the shape of a Roman amphitheatre. Yerevan is home to a large number of museums, art galleries and libraries. Being among the top 10 safest cities in the world, Yerevan has an extensive nightlife scene with a variety of nightclubs,live venues, pedestrian zones, street cafes, jazz cafes, tea houses, casinos, pubs, karaoke clubs and restaurants.
The Republic of Armenia, covering an area of 29,743 square kilometers (11,484 sq mi), is located in the north-east of the Armenian Highland. The terrain is mostly mountainous, with fast flowing rivers and few forests. The land rises to 4,090 meters (13,419 feet) above sea level at Mount Aragats, and no point is below 390 metres (1,280 ft) above sea level.
Mount Ararat, which was historically part of Armenia, is the highest mountain in the region. Now located in Turkey, but clearly visible in Armenia, it is regarded by the Armenians as a symbol of their land. Because of this, the mountain is present on the Armenian national emblem today.
The climate in Armenia is markedly continental. Summers are dry and sunny, lasting from June to mid-September. The temperature fluctuates between 22 and 36 °C (72 and 97 °F). However, the low humidity level mitigates the effect of high temperatures. Evening breezes blowing down the mountains provide a welcome refreshing and cooling effect. Springs are short, while autumns are long. Autumns are known for their vibrant and colorful foliage.Winters are quite cold with plenty of snow, with temperatures ranging between −10 and −5 °C (14 and 23 °F).
Politics of Armenia takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democratic republic. According to the Constitution of Armenia, the President is the head of state and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament.
Armenia has a population of 3,238,000 (2008 est.) About 1,000,000 live in the capital. Armenia has a relatively large external diaspora (8 million by some estimates, greatly exceeding the 3 million population of Armenia itself), with communities existing across the globe. The largest Armenian communities outside of Armenia can be found in Russia, France, Iran, the United States, Georgia, Syria, Lebanon, Argentina, Australia, Canada, Greece, Italy, Cyprus, Israel, Poland, Ukraine and Brazil. 40,000 to 70,000 Armenians still live in Turkey (mostly in and around Istanbul).
Ethnic Armenians make up 97.9% of the population. Yazids make up 1.3%, and Russians 0.5%. Other minorities include Assyrians, Ukrainians, Greeks Kurds, Georgians, and Belarusians.
Armenian is the only official language. Due to its Soviet past, Russian is still widely used in Armenia and could be considered as de facto second language. The unique Armenian alphabet was invented by Mesrop Mashtots in 405 AD. It’s a branch of Hindu – European language family.
The Republic of Armenia recognizes the Armenian Apostolic Orthodox Church Armenia was the first nation to adopt Christianity as a state religion, an event traditionally dated to AD 301. he roots of the Armenian Church go back to the 1st century. According to tradition, the Armenian Church was founded by two of Jesus' twelve apostles – Thaddeus and Bartholomew – who preached Christianity in Armenia between AD 40–60. Because of these two founding apostles, the official name of the Armenian Church is Armenian Apostolic Church. Over 93% of Armenian Christians belong to the Armenian Apostolic Church, a form of Oriental (Non-Chalcedonies) Orthodoxy. The head of Armenian Apostolic Church is the Catholicos of all Armenians.
The average time, GMT +4 hours
Dram (the international recognition of AMD), that has been circulated since November 1993. here are banknotes of 1000, 5000, 20000, 50000, 100000 Dram denomination. There are also coins of 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 Dram denomination. Foreign currency can be exchanged in banks and currency exchange offices throughout the city. The approximate exchange rate is:
1 USD = 470 AMD 1 EUR = 530 AMD 1 RUB = 7.11 AMD 1 GBP = 675 AMD
The electricity in Armenia is 220 volt, 50 Hz , as in almost all of Europe.
The Armenian socket standard is CEE, mostly without grounding. The outlet adaptors for the standards of different countries can be purchased in almost all home appliances and electronics stores in Yerevan.
Both public and religious holidays are celebrated in Armenia. The shops and restaurants are generally open also on holidays. The following holidays are non-working:
April 24 is also a non-working day - the commemoration day of the Armenian Genocide victims.
The post offices in Armenia work every day from 9 am to 7 pm. Sunday is a day-off. One of the central post offices is located at the Republic Square, opposite the Government building.
The country code is 374, Yerevan city code is 10.
Outgoing international calls can be made by dialing 00 followed by the country code, the city code and the number.
There are 3 mobile operators - "Beeline", "VivaCell", "Orange", The cards can be purchased at Zvartnots International, at the offices of these operators or at the big stores, having the passport copy. The cards provide 3G connection and high speed Internet. For making calls by the cell phone to the fixed-line number in Yerevan it is necessary to dial 010 followed by the number.
The citizens of the CIS member-states, the EU member-states and the Schengen Acquis states do not need visa to travel to Armenia. For the visitors under 18 years old visa is free of charge.
The citizens of several countries can get a visa upon arrival in Armenia, at the border checkpoints. In general the procedure lasts 20-25 minutes. Visa can be also obtained prior to the arrival (online) by applying to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Armenia:http://www.mfa.am/eVisa.
Scarvs are required for women to enter in Armenian Orthodox churches.
Short trousers aren't acceptable in the church bothe for women and men.
Wind and rain coats, hat, sun cream and comfortable shoes should be in every lugguage.
Museums are closed on Mondays.
Armenians are one of those rare nations who used to have the God of Hospitality. We regard our guests to be sacred and sent by the God. You are in Armenia then you are in caring hands !
“Neo Armenia” is an inbound boutique tour operator born and grown from our love and passion of Armenian millennial culture and profoundly beautiful nature.
‘’Neo Armenia” is a young and dynamic tour operator who creates and offers boutique tour experiences for its guests exploring Armenia new and undiscovered features and reaching out to touch both soul and mind so that even a short break tour becomes into one-in-a-lifetime extraordinary journey. We combine the modern comfort with the authenticity of our country to provide a unique, exciting, unforgettable and a very “Armenian” experience.
As a “boutique” operator we personalize the tours according to our customers preferences, tastes and needs. We believe we can offer what the major tour operators hardly can: personalized service and attention to every single guest with 24 x 7 availability.
“Neo Armenia” has a rich selection of Bespoke tour packages for both FITs and Groups offering classical and special interest theme tours among them:
We offer full package services including:
We are speed in answering to your request, we are open and direct in the communication, flexible and willing to accept changes and modifications and we are caring in quality of our tours and in safety of our customers.
You are our guest in Armenia then you are “sacred” and you are in caring hands.
Sincerely your Neo Armenia!